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Great Schism

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The Great Schism in 1054 was the definitive break which divided Medieval Christendom between East and West along essentially the same line that divided the original Roman Empire between Latin-speaking and Greek-speaking halves. Catholicism retained its center in Rome, while the Eastern Orthodox Church looked to the bishop of Constantinople (modern Istanbul) for leadership. As a result, only the first seven ecumenical Church councils are accepted by both sides.

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