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Noah's ark

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Noah's ark was a ship made by Noah at God's command to preserve a remnant of all life from the Great Flood. It was made of 'gopher wood' and had three decks and interior compartments. The ark was sealed with 'pitch' inside and out. It was 300 cubits137.16 metres
449.999 feet
149.999 yards
6.818 chains
long, 50 cubits22.86 metres
75 feet
25 yards
1.136 chains
wide and 30 cubits13.716 metres
45 feet
15 yards
0.682 chains
high. There were three interior decks, a door in the side, and a single window set about a cubit45.721 cm
1.5 feet
18 inches
below the top deck. The ark was provisioned with food for Noah, his family, and male and female pairs of every living thing which God brought to Noah to save aboard the ark. The Ark story is considered by mainstream science to be a myth.

Contents

Background

The account of Noah and the Great Flood starts at Genesis 6:5. God sees that man has become "wicked" (Gen 6:6), "violent" and "corrupt" (Gen 6:12) since the Fall. God resolves that "I will wipe mankind, whom I have created, from the face of the earth—men and animals, and creatures that move along the ground, and birds of the air—for I am grieved that I have made them." (Gen 6:7)

However, one man, Noah, "found favor with God" (Gen 6:8) and was "righteous" and "blameless" (Gen 6:9). God commanded Noah to build a ship to preserve himself and his family. In addition, Noah is to bring animals on the ark, so that animal life will continue also. Generally two of every kind of animal (bird, animal and every "kind of creature that moves along the ground") (Gen 6:19-20), a male and a female, are to be brought on the ark. However, seven (or seven pairs, the text is not clear) of every clean animal and bird (Gen 7:2-3).

Shape of the Ark

The ark has traditionally been depicted as boat-shaped, but modern creationists often depict it as box-shaped, as it was only meant to float, not to travel, so there was no need for streamlining. Korean naval architects have shown that the size and shape (height/width/length ratio) of the ark would have made the ark very stable.[1]

The Gilgamesh Epic, on the other hand, describes a cubic ark, where the height, width, and length are all the same, in contrast to the 3 to 5 height to width ratio of Noah's Ark. Unless it contained sufficient ballast, any rolling of the Gilgamesh ark would not have been corrected, and it would continue to roll. This is one reason to consider the Genesis account to be an accurate record of the great flood and the Gilgamesh Epic to be a distorted and inaccurate account.[2][3]

An ancient Babylonian clay tablet translated in 2010, presents another version of the flood account in which the shape of the ark is presented as circular.[4][5]

Modern reconstructions

Numerous small models of Noah's Ark have been built to illustrate what it may have been like, and to raise awareness of the ark. These include wooden models constructed by Rod Walsh in Victoria, who uses them in talks in churches and schools in affiliation with Creation Ministries International, a large-size model which is operated through the canals of Holland, and a full-size reconstruction as the centrepiece of a tourist attraction in Hong Kong.

Comparison with other large boats

Possibly the largest wooden ship built since Noah's Ark was one in the 3rd century B.C. described by Athenaeus[6] and Plutarch,[7] which was 280 cubits128.016 metres
419.999 feet
139.999 yards
6.364 chains
long, 38 cubits17.374 metres
57 feet
19 yards
0.864 chains
wide, and 48 cubits21.946 metres
72 feet
24 yards
1.091 chains
high. It was powered by 4,000 oarsmen, and in addition had a crew of 400 sailors and capacity for carrying nearly 3,000 soldiers.

Another large ship was the Leontifera, which participated in a battle in the Aegean Sea in 208 B.C. It's size was not recorded, but it had 1,600 oarsmen in eight rows of 100 on each side, with capacity for carrying 1,200 soldiers. It therefore must have been over 100 metres328.084 feet
109.361 yards
218.723 cubits
4.971 chains
, and up to 150 metres492.126 feet
164.041 yards
328.085 cubits
7.457 chains
, long.

The first wooden ships of modern times to exceed 90 metres295.276 feet
98.425 yards
196.851 cubits
4.474 chains
in length were the Columbus and the Baron of Renfrew, commissioned in 1824 and 1825. Both were "disposable" ships, designed for one voyage across the Atlantic to then be dismantled for their timber. Both broke apart and sank shortly before or after completing their first trans-Atlantic voyages. The last ocean-going wooden ship longer than 90 m was the Wyoming, in service for 15 years from 1909 to 1924, when it sunk. This ship, and five others built in between, were considered to at the time to push wooden ship construction to its practical limits.

See also

References

  1. S.W. Hong, S.S. Na, B.S. Hyun, S.Y. Hong, D.S. Gong, K.J. Kang, S.H. Suh, K.H. Lee, and Y.G. Je, Korea Research Institute of Ships and Engineering, Safety Investigation of Noah's Ark in a Seaway, Proceedings of the International Conference on Creation Research, Korea Association of Creation Research, Taejon, 1993, pp. 105–137, reprinted in Journal of Creation 8(1):26–36, April 1994.
  2. Osanai, Nozomi, A comparative study of the flood accounts in the Gilgamesh Epic and Genesis, 3 August 2005, see the conclusion in particular
  3. Hodge, Bodie, and Sarfati, Jonathan, Yes, Noah did build an Ark!, 26 March 2004.
  4. Kennedy, Maev, Relic reveals Noah's ark was circular, Gardian.co.uk, 1 January 2010.
  5. Thomas, Brian, A Round Noah's Ark?, 15 January 2010.
  6. Athenaeus, The Deipnosophists.
  7. Plutarch, The Life of Demetrius, The Parallel Lives.
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