Listed below are some sources which refer to the things other than living things having evolved. Most make no clear distinction between origin/formation and evolution, although some do refer to both the formation and evolution, which is consistent with the formation being the start of the evolution.
Evolution of the universe
- Evolution of the universe, Pidwirny, M. (2006). "Evolution of the Universe". Fundamentals of Physical Geography, 2nd Edition, at PhysicalGeography.net.
- Big Bang on Wikipedia describes that theory as explaining the evolution, but not the origin, of the universe (emphasis in original):
...the Big Bang theory cannot and does not provide any explanation for [the] initial condition; rather, it describes and explains the general evolution of the universe since that instant.
- However, it also says that (emphasis added):
The discovery and confirmation of the cosmic microwave background radiation in 1964 secured the Big Bang as the best theory of the origin and evolution of the cosmos.
- Evolution of the universe, Nature.
- Darwin and the evolution of the universe, Richard Muller, Access Excellence. Draws a parallel with Darwin's evolution and the evolution of the universe. Implies that the origin of things (atoms, etc.) is part of the evolution.
- Astronomy 280: Evolution of the Universe, University of Hawaii. The course includes "the evidence of the creation of the universe in the Big Bang and the evolution of the universe with time." (emphasis added).
Evolution of galaxies
- Evolution of Galaxies, University of Tennessee. Includes the comment that "...stars within the Milky Way may be seen in a variety of evolutionary stages...".
- Galaxy formation and evolution on Wikipedia.
- Evolution of Galaxies, NASA.
- Structure and Evolution of Galaxies, CSIRO.
- Evolution Of Galaxies, Swinburne University (Victoria).
Evolution of the solar system
- Evolution of Our Solar System: Introduction, Lunar and Planetary Institute. Quote:
Explore the birth of of our solar system, from formelss clouds of gas and dust, to primordial planets, to the uniq2ue suite of planets, moons, asteroids, and comets that scientists are investigating today.
- Exploratour - Evolution of the Solar System, National Earth Science Teachers Association (United States).
- Formation and evolution of the Solar System (Wikipedia). The title treats formation and evolution as distinct, although the first line ("The formation and evolution of the Solar System is estimated to have begun 4.568 billion years ago ...") treats them as both starting at the same time.
- Evolution of the Solar System, NASA. It includes "Formation of the Sun" as the first step in the evolution.
- Evolution of the Solar System and the Planets, University of Michigan. The first discussion point is "How was the solar system formed and how does it evolve?"
Evolution of religion
- Evolution of Religion web-site. It says that the religion is a product of Darwinian evolution:
If religious beliefs and behaviors promoted survival and reproduction in our ancestral past, then they may have been favored by natural selection over human evolutionary history. This would mean that religious beliefs and behaviors are adaptive, and that religion evolved as a natural product of Darwinian selection. The “Evolution of Religion” project is dedicated to exploring this hypothesis using scientific methods from psychology and evolutionary biology.
- Evolution of Religion, The Richard Dawkins Foundation.
- Ewen Callaway, Religion is a product of evolution, software suggests, New Scientist, 2008. Explicitly includes the origin of religion: "Dow is by no means the first scientist to take a stab at explaining how religion emerged."
- The Evolution of Religion: Studies, Theories, and Critiques, The Collins Foundation Press, 2008. Book has a picture of Darwin on the cover.
- The Evolution of Religion: How Cognitive By-Products, Adaptive Learning Heuristics, Ritual Displays, and Group Competition Generate Deep Commitments to Prosocial Religions, Biological Theory, Winter 2010, Vol. 5, No. 1, Pages 18-30.
Chemical evolution = origin of life
- Chemical evolution (Wikipedia disambiguation page which says that "Chemical evolution may refer to ... Abiogenesis, the transition from nonliving elements to living systems").
- Chemical Evolution - The primitive Earth, Science Encyclopedia. Quote: "Chemical evolution describes chemical changes on the primitive Earth that gave rise to the first forms of life."
- Theories of Life's Origins, Tufts University.
A third theory of life’s origin is known as chemical evolution. In this idea, pre-biological changes slowly transform simple atoms and molecules into the more complex chemicals needed to produce life. Favored by most scientists today, the central premise of chemical evolution stipulates that life arose naturally from nonlife.
- (NB: The first and second theories in this article are panspermia and spontaneous generation.)
- Chrisantha Fernandoa and Jonathan Rowe, Natural selection in chemical evolution. This paper argues that "chemical evolution can take place by natural selection".
- The Center for Chemical Evolution was funded in 2010 with US$20 million of taxpayer money to study "chemical processes that enable the spontaneous formation of functional polymers -- such as proteins and DNA -- from much smaller and simpler starting materials".