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The Epistle (meaning formal letter) to the Romans is the sixth book in the New Testament, and is held by many scholars to be one the earlier of Paul's Epistles, thought to be written around 60 A.D. Its Divine inspiration under Paul's pen has traditionally being most uniformly held.[1] (1Tim. 3:16; 2Pt. 3:16) Romans is a primary doctrinal source of Christian soteriology, meaning the doctrine of salvation, as well as instructions on the "obedience of faith". (Rm. 16:26)

Martin Luther said of Romans, "It is the chief part of the New Testament." F. B. Meyer, that it is "the grandest, boldest, most complete composition of Paul." Jamieson, Fausset and Brown comment, "It has just as much in common with a theological treatise as is consistent with the freedom and warmth of a real letter."

In the opinion of noted commentator Albert Barnes,

Perhaps, on the whole, there is no book of the New Testament that demands more a humble, docile, and prayerful disposition in its interpretation than this Epistle. Its profound doctrines, its abstruse inquiries, and the opposition of many of those doctrines to the views of the unrenewed and unsubdued heart of man, make a spirit of docility and prayer especially necessary in its investigation. No one has ever understood the reasonings and views of the apostle Paul except under the influence of elevated piety.

Romans is divided into two main divisions, with chapters 1-11 dealing with the means of salvation for both Jews and Gentiles, that of grace through faith, and not on the basis of any merit of man. With that foundation, exhortations, instructions and commands on living out that saving faith are then provided (chapters 12-15) Chapter 16 concludes Paul's letter with greetings to various saints, and a warning about deceivers, and then praise to God.

Due to the recent phenomenon of pro-homosexual apologetics, Romans 1:26,27 has been subject to varied and often contradictory attempts to negate its condemnation of female and (likewise) male homoeroticism, which traditional exegesis holds as being unconditional.[2]


  1. C. S. Scofield, Adam Clarke, Robert Jamieson, A. R. Fausset and David Brown, Matthew Henry, John Gill
  2. Homosexuality and Romans 1

External links

  1. Epistle to the Romans,
  2. The Epistle to the Romans, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

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