Solomon was the third King of the Jewish nation, after Saul and his father David. Solomon's reign was a prosperous one, and it was he who oversaw the construction of the Temple in Jerusalem. He is also known as the wisest man who ever lived, and is traditionally credited with writing three books of the Old Testament, Song of Songs, Proverbs and Ecclesiastes. Despite his wisdom, however, Solomon angered God by taking non-Jewish wives, and the latter part of his reign was troubled as a consequence.
The story of Solomon is told at length in the First Book of Kings.