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Template: Source
Use on/in Articles
Use for Declaring an information source
Category template applies to page (none)
Template Parameters
(See Template style manual).
Name Purpose Required? SMW property Comment
ID Identifier for this source Yes
short Short form of the source See note A See notes
long Long form of the source Yes See notes

__ This template allows editors to define a source near the beginning of an article, for later references to use. An example of its use could be:

  • Near the beginning of the article:
|short=Smith and Jones, 2010
|long=Fred Smith and Joe Jones, The Bible as History, Ask Press, 2010, ISBN 12345
  • Within the article, as a reference to that source:

In the References section, two such {{fn}} entries with different page numbers would appear something like this:

1. Fred Smith and Joe Jones, The Bible as History, Ask Press, 2010, ISBN 12345, p.33.
2. Smith and Jones, 2010, p.44

Note A

The short parameter is required only when {{fn}} is used with two or more different second parameters. This may not be the case when the source is not referred to by page number.

These references don't use the short parameter:

  • {{fn|Smith}}
  • {{fn|Smith}}

Neither do these references:

  • {{fn|Smith|15}}
  • {{fn|Smith|15}}

The second of these reference does use the short parameter:

  • {{fn|Smith}}
  • {{fn|Smith|15}}

As does the second of these:

  • {{fn|Smith|10}}
  • {{fn|Smith|15}}

Advantages over using the {{ref}} template

This template avoids two issues with using the {{ref}} template:

Editor confusion

The {{ref}} template, with its details, can confuse an editor trying to understand the flow of the text. This template avoids that by removing the often-long references to another location (near the start of the article), avoiding clutter. Instead, a short {{fn}} template is used instead at the location that a reference is required. This can be seen in the two examples below:

Using {{Ref}}
He moved with his family to Melbourne, arriving Sat. 23rd January, 1847, sailing on the Stag.{{ref|A. De Q. Robin, [ Macartney, Hussey Burgh (1799–1894)], ''Australian Dictionary of Biography'', 1974}}{{ref|Robert Evans and Darrell Paproth, [ The Evangelisation Society of Australasia], self-published by Robert Evans, 2010, ISBN 978-0-9756733-5-5}}
Using {{fn}}
He moved with his family to Melbourne, arriving Sat. 23rd January, 1847, sailing on the Stag.{{fn|Robin}}{{fn|Evans}}

Management of subsequent references

[1] [2]

When making multiple references to the same source but different page numbers, you might put references like the following in your article:

  1. Smith and Jones, Why you should make references in A Storehouse of Knowledge easy to use, Ask Publishing, 2015, p.16.
  2. Smith and Jones, 2015, p.34.

Clearly the longer reference should come first, and the shorter one second. If, however, an article is restructured so that the text containing the second reference now comes first, the editor should swap the two references around. This means cutting each and pasting them in the place of the other, and these may be in different sections of the article, being edited separately. This can become cumbersome.

By using the {{fn}} template, no instances need to be altered. Any references after the first that doesn't have identical page numbers (including that parameter not being supplied) will automatically use the shorter reference.

Data block

The data block below can be copied to the page required to save typing it out. This data block has three copies of the template. The middle copy can be copied and pasted as many times as required.

 | ID = 
 | short =
 | long =
 | ID = 
 | short =
 | long =
 | ID = 
 | short =
 | long =

See also

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