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Zechariah (Biblical book)

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The Book of Zechariah is the penultimate book of the Old Testament, one of the minor prophets. It was written some years after the Jewish people had been taken into exile in Babylon (during the reign of Darius - Zechariah 1:1), and like much of the prophetic writing of that time (especially the Book of Ezekiel) it deals with the restoration of Jerusalem and of Judah as an independent kingdom.

By the time of Zechariah's writing, some of the Jews had been allowed to return to Jerusalem, as detailed in the Book of Ezra. Zechariah urges those who have returned to be pure and resume worship in the Temple as God wishes, for example Zechariah 3:1-5.

Much of the Book of Zechariah describes symbolic visions, including horns, baskets, lampstands and flying scrolls. Much of the language and symbolism used is similar to that in the Book of Revelation.

For Christians, chapter 9 is particularly important. As well as describing how Israel's powerful enemies will eventually be destroyed, it foretells the coming of the Messiah, including a verse (Zechariah 9:9) directly anticipating Jesus' entry into Jerusalem riding a donkey on the first Palm Sunday.


Books of the Bible
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Wisdom Literature JobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of Solomon
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Prophecy The Revelation to John
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